Dry skin, also known as xeroderma, is a very common condition that causes small fine flakes and dry patches. Itching is one of the most common symptoms of dry skin. Scratching may be hard to resist. Baby dry skin is more common in colder winter months and drier climates. Mature skin are more prone to dryness than younger people. Dry skin is more common in individuals with a history of eczema, atopic dermatitis, allergies, or asthma. The skin in elderly individuals tends to have diminished amounts of natural skin oils and lubricants. Areas such as the arms, hands, and particularly lower legs tend to be more affected by dry skin. Dryness of the skin is affected by the amount of water vapor in the surrounding air, the humidity. A good moisturizer or gentle cleanser are both important and should be used as part of the daily skin care routine for dry skin.